HISTORY In 1953, thirty-five year old Paul Rudolph was hired by entrepreneur Philip Hiss to design a 2,000 sqft model home for a new development on Lido Key in Sarasota, Florida. It became an icon of mid-century modernism and the most recognized example of the Sarasota School of Architecture. Rudolph and Hiss used the opportunity to explore modernism in a sub-tropical context, and the home’s unique features are their response. Built before air conditioning, its north and south walls are constructed almost entirely of jalousies which open to allow breezes from the Gulf and Bay to cool the house. The house and pool were originally shaded from the intense Florida sun by a trellis structure, which quickly became known as the Umbrella. The wood structure stood for over 25 years until it was lost to decay and storms in the late 1970s.